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What is a Urine Test?

A urine test or urinalysis is an analysis of a sample of your urine which includes appearance and the concentration of the various substances in the sample.

Why is a Urine Test Performed?

A urine test may be performed for the following reasons:

  • As part of a routine health check up
  • To Identify a wide range of health conditions such as urinary tract infections, diabetes, and kidney disease.
  • To monitor a health condition
  • As part of a pregnancy test
  • As part of a drug screening test

How is the Urine Sample Collected?

  • Before undergoing a urine test you should inform your doctor of any medications, vitamins or other supplements that you take.
  • You typically will be given a container to collect your urine sample.
  • Start urinating into the toilet bowl and then pass the container into the urine stream.
  • Finish urinating into the toilet bowl once sufficient urine has been collected in the container.
  • Deliver the sample to your provider.

How is the Urine Sample Evaluated?

A urine sample may be evaluated by 3 methods:

  • Visual Examination: Normal urine is usually clear. Cloudiness could be an indication of an infection. Presence of blood may make the urine appear dark.
  • Dipstick Test: This test involves dipping a plastic stick with chemical strips in the urine sample. The chemical strips change color depending on the substances in the urine.
  • Microscopic Examination: This teps involves viewing a few drops of concentrated urine under a microscope to look for pathogens, blood cells, or proteins that indicate the presence of disease.